A lot of people are suffering from leukemia nowadays. Many cases of cancer have been identified as being leukemia. Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow. Leukemia is defined by the production of immature blood cells (stem cells) which are unable to fully develop and fulfill the functions typical of blood cells.
In accordance with their functions and their structure according to their functions and structure, there are three distinct kinds of cells found in normal blood that are red blood cells, platelets and white blood cells. By the process known as hematopoiesis these three kinds of blood cells develop by a specific kind of blood cell known as a stem cells. The stem cells split and undergo numerous stages of development until they eventually develop into a mature blood cells that is of a specific type with a specific, distinct role within the body. The process in which a stem cells transform to become a mature blood cells is carried out within the bone marrow.
In accordance with the speed at which the disease develops and the length of time that the condition There are two kinds of leukemia: acute as well as chronic. Leukemia that is acute can be very fast-growing, while chronic leukemia develops gradually. Based on the kinds of blood cells that are affected by the disease, leukemia could be either myelogenous or lymphocytic.
Myelogenous and Lymphocytic forms of leukemia arise by different kinds of cells. The type that is lymphocytic develops from lymphoblasts, or lymphocytes found in the spongy tissue of bones, whereas the myelogenous form of leukemia (sometimes called myelocytic and myeloid leukemia) is derived from myeloid cells.
In the cases of acute forms of leukemia the abnormal cells are derived from immature, early cells. The forms of the disease have a rapid growth rate, because normal stem cells tend to multiply rapidly. Leukemia cells generally don’t divide more quickly and faster that normal stem cells. They do not stop their process of division as they ought to. Sometimes, the number of blood white cells are extremely high, and in other instances, they could be low or normal.
Chronic leukemia, in addition to its slow growth and slow progression, differs from acute leukemia based on the maturation level the cells affected by the disease can achieve. Stem cells that are affected by chronic leukemia have the stage of maturation at a higher rate but they display abnormalities, and don’t function in the same way that normal white blood cells perform. In contrast to acute leukemia, the chronic version of the disease, sick cells live for longer life spans and are more likely to be accumulated throughout the body.
Leukemia can affect people of all ages. Although children generally have better results from treatment for leukemia, and occasionally manage to beat the illness, adults are unable to deal with this type of cancer.
No matter what age or sex regardless of gender or age, many have been diagnosed with various forms of leukemia, regardless of age and gender. Children respond better to specific kinds of leukemias, while adults have difficulty coping with the illness. The incidence of acute leukemia outnumber chronic leukemia by around 10. Adults over the age of 60 are most affected with acute leukemia. Two thirds of cases of acute leukemia seem to be diagnosed after the age of 60.